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The 7 most popular Mexican ingredients

mexican ingredients

Mexican ingredients are those products and foods used in the traditional cuisine of Mexico. These ingredients are characteristic of Mexican gastronomy and contribute to the diversity and richness of flavors in the dishes and recipes from this country.

Mexican cuisine is recognized worldwide for its richness of flavors, colors and variety of dishes. 

It is characterized by the combination of fresh ingredients and spices, as well as the use of traditional culinary techniques. Here are some of the most representative ingredients of Mexican cuisine:

7 ingredients of Mexican cuisine


Chili is an essential ingredient in Mexican cuisine and is known for its diversity and variety of flavors. Mexico is famous for growing a wide range of types of chiles, each with unique characteristics in terms of flavor, heat and culinary use.

Some of the best known Mexican chiles are:

  • Jalapeño: This is one of the most popular and widely used chiles in Mexican cuisine. It has a slightly spicy flavor and is used in sauces, guacamole, pickles and as an ingredient in many dishes.
  • Serrano: It is similar to the jalapeño, but is usually spicier. It is used to add a touch of heat to sauces, stews and traditional dishes.
  • Poblano: It is a mild and slightly sweet chile bell pepper. It is known for being the chile used in the famous Mexican dish “chiles en nogada”. It is also used to prepare mole poblano, a thick and rich sauce.
  • Habanero: It is one of the hottest chiles and is characterized by its fruity flavor. It is used in moderation due to its intense spiciness and is found in sauces, marinades and seasonings.
  • Guajillo: It is a dry chili bell pepper with a moderately hot flavor. It is widely used to prepare sauces, moles and marinades.
  • Chipotle: These are jalapeño peppers that have been smoked and dried. They have a smoky and spicy flavor and are used to flavor sauces, marinades and dishes such as frijoles charros.


Corn is one of the most important and revered crops in Mexico. It has a long history and great cultural relevance, as it has been cultivated and consumed in the region for thousands of years. 

Corn is considered a fundamental element in Mexican cuisine and is the basis of many traditional dishes.

In Mexico, different varieties of corn are grown and consumed, each with unique characteristics. Some of the most common varieties include white, yellow, blue and red corn. 

Each of these varieties has different culinary uses and are used to prepare various recipes and dishes.

Corn in Mexico is mainly used, among others, to make tortillas, which are an essential part of the Mexican diet. 

Tortillas are made by grinding dried and cooked corn into dough, which is then formed into discs and baked on a hot griddle. 

Tortillas are eaten alone or used to wrap or accompany different dishes, such as tacos, enchiladas, tamales and quesadillas.


mexican beans

Beans are another staple and widely consumed food in Mexico. 

Also known as “frijoles” in plural, it is a legume that is grown and consumed in different varieties throughout the country. Beans are an important source of protein, carbohydrates, fiber and essential nutrients in the Mexican diet.

In Mexico, different varieties of beans are grown and consumed, such as black beans, kidney beans, pinto beans and Peruvian beans, among others. Each variety has its own characteristics of flavor, texture and cooking time.

Beans are used in a wide variety of Mexican dishes. They are prepared by cooking in water with different seasonings and spices to enhance their flavor. Cooked beans can be served as a side dish or as a base for main dishes.


mexican avocado

Avocado is a fruit native to Mexico and has become one of the most popular and appreciated foods worldwide. Also known for its creamy flesh and smooth, rich flavor.

In Mexico, the avocado has been cultivated and consumed since pre-Columbian times. It is an essential element in Mexican cuisine and is used in a wide variety of traditional dishes. 

For example, guacamole is a traditional Mexican salsa made primarily from avocado, which is prepared by mashing avocado pulp with ingredients such as onion, tomato, chiles, cilantro, lime and salt. 

Guacamole is consumed as a dip with totopos (tortilla chips) or as an accompaniment to tacos, quesadillas and other Mexican dishes.



Achiote, also known as annatto, is a spice commonly used in Mexican and other Latin American cuisine. It is known for its characteristic red-orange color and slightly earthy, spicy flavor.

Achiote is obtained from the seeds of the Bixa orellana plant, which is native to tropical America. 

Achiote seeds contain a natural pigment called bixin, which is responsible for its intense red color. In addition to color, achiote also adds flavor to the recipes in which it is used.

Achiote is prized for both its flavor and its ability to add beautiful color to dishes. Its presence in Mexican and Latin American cuisine gives a distinctive and vibrant touch to many traditional preparations.

Squash blossom

The squash blossom, also known as flor de zapallo or flor de ayote, is a prized ingredient in Mexican cuisine. It is mainly used in traditional dishes and provides a delicate flavor and smooth texture.

Squash blossoms are the edible flowers of the squash plant. They have an intense appearance and are characterized by their yellow or orange petals and delicate shape. The flowers are harvested before the fruits form and are used in a variety of dishes.

It is important to note that fresh squash blossoms can be difficult to find outside of the regions where they are grown. However, it can always be found in specialty markets or Latin American produce stores.

The Nopal Cactus

mexican nopal cactus

The nopal is a cactus native to Mexico and is widely recognized as one of the symbols of Mexican gastronomy. 

Also known as “nopales” in plural, the nopal is characterized by its large, flat, spiny leaves. In addition to being used as an ornamental plant, nopal is a prized food in Mexican cuisine and has nutritional benefits.

Nopal leaves are edible and are used in a variety of Mexican dishes. Before cooking, the thorns and tough outer skin should be removed.

The nopal is valued for its nutritional content, as it is low in calories and rich in fiber, antioxidants and vitamins such as vitamin C and vitamin A. 

It is also attributed with medicinal properties, such as the ability to regulate blood sugar and improve digestive health.

If you want to know the oldest taqueria in Madrid and taste the most popular Mexican ingredients in our dishes, remember! 

In Birra Taquerias we are experts in tacos and Mexican food with more than 30 years of experience (since 1989). If you want to taste authentic tacos in the purest Mexican style, we invite you to order to take away or come to try this and other traditional Mexican dishes in our establishments in C/ Don Pedro, 11 or Plaza de las Comendadoras, 2.


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